1)主语+谓语(+状语)(主语+动词(+副词 、介词短语等)) I am speaking. He walks very fast.
(He walks his dog in the park every evening.)
The sun rises in the east.
Here comes the bus. (此句主谓倒装了) Here it comes.
Here is your change. Here we are.
There goes the bugle. (此句主谓倒装了)
2)主语+谓语+宾语(主语+及物动词 +宾语(名词 、代词、数词等))
I study English. She loves him. We get three.
3) 主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 He gives me a book.
She will buy me a new bike. He will give a book to me. She will buy a bike for me. A book is given to me. I am given a book. 4)主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补
足语(名词 、形容词 、介词短语 、副词)
We call him John.
They find the task difficult. She regards me as her brother. She saw him out. What has made China what she is today?
We found him murdered in the house.
She saw her brother lying on the ground.
We noticed the driver get on the bus and drive it away.
5) 主语+系动词+表语(名词、数词 、形容词 、副词、介词短语等)
She is a student. He is twenty. We are strong.
She looks very young. Hearing his joke, her face turned red.
Here is your change. (此句主表倒装了) The book is on the table.
With you in charge, I am at ease.
6)There be +主语(+状语) There is a desk in the classroom
. There are many students on the playground.
John loves Mary.
John loves Mary and gives her money.
John and Cliff love Mary.
John and Cliff love Mary and her sister and give them money.
一个简单句可表示: A.a statement (陈述) Mr. Brown teaches this class.
B. a question(问题) Do you understand me?
C. a command or a request(命令) Open the door.
Please help me with my work. Let us go right away.
D. an exclamation(感叹) How cold it is! How fast he runs! What a nice day it is!
John loves Mary, but she doesn’t love him.
Finally John persuaded Mary to marry him for he is a charming persistent young man.
The wind is blowing; the light flashing; the thunder roaring; the rain pouring down; the earth
and not only…..but also; furthermore; besides; likewise; moreover; again; I like English and he likes French. Not only is the fur coat soft, but it is also warm.The car was almost new; furthermore it was in excellent condition.
but; yet; still; however; nevertheless; in spite of despite; notwithstanding; despite that
The coat was thin but it was warm.
The car was quite old; yet it was in excellent condition. In spite of its age, the car was in excellent condition.
The car was quite old; despite that it was in excellent condition.
C. 表示选择关系的连词:or; neither; neither….nor
You must work harder, or you will lose the exam.
Either your answer or mine is wrong.
Your answer is not right, neither is mine.
Neither you nor I am to blame.
D.表示因果关系的连\副词:so; then; therefore; consequently; accordingly;
The rain began to fall, so we went home.
We worked until six; then we went home.
He broke the rules of the school; therefore he had to leave. 3)
主从复合句 We must do what we must do. (宾语从句) What must be done must be done.
(主语从句) This is what we must do.(表语从句) What is done cannot be undone.
(主语从句) We can eat what we cannot. (宾语从句)Although John loves Mary, she does not love him.
(状语从句) The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
(定语从句) No matter what happens \ Whatever happens, my heart will go on.
When heavy rain comes, the streams rise, and farmers know that there will be floods.
The neighborhood that Henry grew up in was fairly prosperous, but it was by no means wealthy.
1)不定式 、动名词 、分词 、形容词短语悬垂
To learn English well, much practice To learn …., we need much practice. is necessary.
Heated, we can make water into steam. Heated, water can be made into steam.
After reading the letter, my heart was After reading ..., I found my heart beating fast. beating fast. Afraid to eat any more seaf ood, the Afaid to eat..., he asked the waiter to remove it… waiter removed it from his table.
The newsboy walked his bicycle to The newsboy burdened with newspapers walked… the house of his first customer burde ned with newspapers.
The U.S. only has a history of 200 The U.S. has a history of only 200-odd years. -odd years. Alice could see a lot of cars runni ng Though her window Alice could see … fast outside through her window. He gave the rose to the lovely actress He ga ve the rose that he had bought for his wife that he had bought for his wife. to the lovely actress.
Before Cathy gave the dog its
food, Cathy washed the dog before she gave it its food. she washed it Jack was bitten by a
dog, but it was …, but the bite was not serious. not serious.
In Mary’s letter she tried to persuade In her letter, Mary … us to give up the plan.
Mike told his father that his car wouldn’t Mike said to his father, “Your car won’t start.” start.
Every student is required to bring their books Every students is … his books… to the classroom.
She left the classroom when the test is over. She left… when the test was over. First, build a fire and then you should make t he …, and then make the coffee. coffee.
He had a need and an interest in learning a He had a need for and an interest in… second foreign language.
Suzhou in nearer to Shanghai than Nanjing. Suzhou is nearer to Shanghai than Nanjing is. 4. 写简洁的句子
In my opinion, I think your plan is feasible.
My brother accompanied me to go to the airport.
Learning a foreign language is important to us who are students. We find the situation that exists at the moment is urgent. In the course of an hour we arrived at our destination. As far as I am concerned, this plan is perfect.
It goes without saying that they certainly deserve the prize.
He picked up the ball quickly. Quickly he picked up the …
He was young and short and could not join He was too young and to short to join the army. the army.
Thomas was tired of studying, so he took Tired of studying, Thomas… a rest.
Tolstoy, completing Anna Karennina, won Completing Anna Karenian, Tolstoy won… the national recognition in Russia.
He decided to learn Japanese. He decided to learn…because it is… Because it is a useful language.
The group travelled for a week. The group travelled… and finally arrived on… Finally arriving on Saturday.
One of the century’s great penicillin, a miracle…
Medical invention is penicillin. A miracle drug that has saved millions of li